Bishnoi Society of India

I kept pretending to be devoted to the environment. Especially when we used to go for a picnic with our friends. Used to collect the waste spread by others there. It was not my habit, it seems there was a compulsion so that people know me as an environmental lover. In this way, you have kept the illusion of being sensitive to the environment.
Bishnoi Society of India


The influence of other religions on Jambhoji's teachings is clearly visible. He has taken the principles of non-violence and mercy from Jainism and torture of the dead from Islam, not taking the wedding time, etc. Vaishnavism and Nanakpanth also have a major influence on their teachings.
In this community, sanskars like Guru Diksha and Doli Pahal are performed by sages, in which some Mahants also participate. They are entitled to the seat of the Mahant, the special place, but people from the class called Thapan get naming, marriage and funeral rites performed. Singing is different for writing warnings and playing songs on ceremonial occasions.

The 'Navam Pranam' is said to greet each other when they meet in this community, and in the verse it is called 'Vishnu Nai Jambhauji Nai'.

Bishnoi women wear red and black wool clothes. She only wears lacquer bangles. They are neither body anal nor gold on their teeth. Bishnoi people do not like to wear blue clothes. They prefer to wear woolen clothes because they consider it holy. The sage wears a black ebony garland with a sharp jambhoji cap and flattened beads reaching the ears. The Mahanta usually dhoti, kameez and saffron saffron on the head.
The practice of burying the dead body was prevalent among the Bishnois.

Bishnoi sect believes in idol worship. Hence, there is no idol in Jambhoji's temple and companions. In some places, members of this community worship the objects of Jambhoji. Such as the standing pair of Jambhoji in Peepasar, the cap in Mukam, the begging vessel in the backward janglu and the footprints in Chola and Lohawat are worshiped. There is Havan - Bhajan daily and Vishnu praise and worship, Sandhyadi Karma and Jambha Jagaran are also performed.
People of this community do not believe in caste system. Therefore, both Hindu and Muslim people accept them. The goal of Shri Jambhar confirms that people of all castes were initiated into this community. For example, people of Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, Telis, Dhobi, Khatis, barbers, Damru, Bhats, Chheepas, Muslims, Jats, and Sai etc. took initiation in this sect by taking mantra water (Pahal).

There are a large number of temples and companions of this community in Jodhpur and Bikaner states in Rajasthan. The main temple of this sect remains at a place called Mukam (Talwa). Every year, the new moon of Phalgun takes a huge fair in which thousands of people take part. Among other pilgrimage centers of this community, Jambholav, Peepasar, Sambharathal, Janglu, Lohawar, Lalasar, etc. are particularly notable. Among them, Jambholav is believed to be a pilgrimage place for Bishnois and akin to Mathura and Dwarika. Apart from this, small temples of this community have also been built at places like Raisingh Nagar, Padampur, Chak, Pilibanga, Sangaria, Tandoorwali, Sriganganagar, Riddamsar, Lakhasar, Kolayat (Bikaner), Lamba, Tilvasani, Alay (Nagaur) and Pushkar etc. . This community was also propagated outside Rajasthan. Temples built in states like Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh etc. confirm this.

The teachings of Jambhoji had a great influence on the Bishnois. That is why people of this community neither no veg food and not take alcohol in a body. Apart from this, they also do not allow deer or any other animal to be hunted within their village limits.

Members of this community do not allow animal killing at any types of  cost. A Parwan of Bikaner state shows that a Mahant of Talwa snatched a ram named Dine from a ram for fear of animal killing.

There was a panchayat in every Bishnoi village to prevent a person from acting against the rules. This panchayat used to declare the person who acted against the rules from religion or caste. For example, in vikramSamvat 2001, a man named Babu killed a chicken in Rudkali village, on which the Panchayat cast him out of the caste.

Apart from the rural panchayats, there was a panchayat of Bishnois on a large scale, which used to sit on the occasion of the biggest fair to be held at Jambholav and Mukam. In this, the emphasis was to follow the rules made by this community. Decisions taken on the occasion of various fairs show that it was compulsory for all to follow the decisions and order of this panchayat and the person who violated it was excommunicated from Bishnoi society.

No person in the village of Bishnoi could cut the green cast of Khejde or Shami tree. The men and women of this community who had cut down the khajed and green trees volunteered to surrender. This is confirmed by the literature related to Jambhoji.

The rulers of Rajasthan, while recognizing this community, have always taken care of its religious beliefs. This is the reason that from time to time many orders have been given by the state of Jodhpur and Bikaner to the village pattayats, in which they have been instructed not to cut and hunt in Bishnoi villages.

Bikaner, in vikaram Samvat 1906, ordered the goons to not go through any Bishnoi village with goats. The rulers of Bikaner state have been given land to Bishnoi temples from time to time. Such evidence has been received that Sujan Singh gave 3000 bighas of land to Mukam Temple and 1000 bighas to Janglu Temple.

Bikaner issued an order in vikaram Samvat 1877 and 1887, according to which it was instructed not to take anything without offense. In this way, the ruler of Jodhpur state also gave many concessions in respect of land and rent to the Bishnois. Maharana Bhim Singh ji and Jawan Singh ji of Udaipur had also given their obedience to keep dignity and tax as per the earlier tradition of the Bishnois of Jodhpur.


Writer - Raghunatha Ram Saran

टिप्पणी पोस्ट करें

0 टिप्पणियां